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Department of Economics

University of Oslo

Box 1095 Blindern

Oslo, 317


Nationality: Norway


Membership Number :20556

Øystein Kravdal

Professor of Demography, Department of Economics

Field of study: Demography, Public Health/ Epidemiology

Regional focus: Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Europe

Highest Degree Level:


Working languages:
  • - Norwegian Bokmål
  • - English

Professional summary:


Øystein Kravdal has been professor of demography at the department of Economics, University of Oslo since 1994. He is interested in how socioeconomic resources influence and are influenced by fertility and family behaviour, and how all these sets of factors are associated with health and mortality. Most of his work has been based on register or survey data from Norway, but he has also done research on India and sub-Saharan Africa. He has used event history analysis in most of his studies, and has taken a special interest in multiprocess and multilevel modelling.


Kravdal has been co-editor of Population Studies from 2004 to 2013, member of the Editorial Board for European Journal of Population from 2001, and member of the Scientific Review Board for Demographic Research from 2002. He has been a member of the IUSSP Panel on Below Replacement Fertility: Causes, Consequences and Policy Responses from 2010 to 2013.


Member since: 1990

Kravdal, Ø. 1999. Does marriage require a stronger economic underpinning than informal cohabitation? UUPopulation StudiesUU 53: 63-80

Kravdal, Ø. 2001. Has population growth restricted improvements in per capita food availability, 1970-1995. UUPopulation StudiesUU 55: 105-117.

Kravdal, Ø. 2001. The high fertility of college educated women in Norway: An artefact of the separate modelling of each parity transition.  UUDemographic Research  5: 187-21.

Kravdal, Ø. 2002. Education and fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: Individual and community effects. UUDemography UU 39: 233-250.

Kravdal, Ø. 2004. Child mortality in India: the community-level effect of education. Population Studies 58: 177-192

DeRose, L.F., and Ø. Kravdal. (2007). The effects of educational reversals on first births in sub-Saharan Africa: A dynamic multilevel perspective. Demography. 44: 59-78.

Kravdal, Ø. 2007. A fixed-effects multilevel analysis of how community family structure affects individual mortality in Norway. Demography 44: 519-536.

Grundy E. and Ø. Kravdal. 2008. Reproductive history and mortality in late middle age among Norwegian men and women. American Journal of Epidemiology 167: 271-279.

Kravdal,Ø. and R.R. Rindfuss. 2008. Changing relationships between education and fertility – a study of women and men born 1940-64. American Sociological Review 73: 854-873

Kravdal Ø. 2010. Demographers’ interest in fertility trends and determinants in developed countries: Is it warranted?  Demographic Research 22: 663-690.

Rindfuss R., D. Guilkey, S.P. Morgan, Ø. Kravdal (2010). Child care availability and fertility: Norway. Population and Development Review 36: 725-748.

Kravdal Ø. and I. Kodzy. 2011. Children’s stunting in sub-Saharan Africa: Is there an externality effect of high fertility?  Demographic Research 25(18): 565-594.

Cohen, J. Ø. Kravdal, N Keilman. 2011. Childbearing impeded education more than education impeded childbearing in a cohort of Norwegian women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 108(29):11830-5

Kravdal, Ø., E. Grundy. T. Lyngstad, and K.Aa. Wiik. 2012.  Family life history and late mid-

life mortality in Norway. Population and Development Review 38: 237-257.

Kravdal, Ø. 2013. The poorer cancer survival among the unmarried in Norway: Is much explained by comorbidities? Social Science and Medicine 81: 42-52.

Kravdal, Ø., I. Kodzi and W. Sigle-Rushton. 2013. Education in sub-Saharan Africa: A new look at the effects of number of siblings. Forthcoming in Studies in Family Planning


Other association membership in population or related fields:
  • - European Association for Population Studies (EAPS)
  • - Population Association of America (PAA)